Balcony railing

Decorating the facade of the house involves the installation of fences on the balcony openings. When performing such work, it is very important to use materials capable of withstanding considerable loads for a long time. Therefore, before installing a balcony railing, you must carefully evaluate all the characteristics of the material used for this purpose.

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How to choose

Balcony railing, in the first place, are protective structures, and only then perform a decorative function. Quality products must meet several requirements:

  1. The height of the fence should be adjusted to the height of the person. According to the rules, the railing should be located above the navel line of an adult resident. Standards regulate this indicator at the level of 1-1.2 m.
  2. All decorative elements must be carried out in such a way that it is impossible to get hurt about them. Many experts recommend giving semicircular shapes to all surfaces without sharp corners.
  3. A one meter long fence should be designed for a minimum load of 100. At that, it is necessary to take into account not only the weight of a person, but also the effect of the wind flow.
  4. In the case of the formation of a lattice type of railing, all openings should be larger than 12 cm. Other rules that can be found on specialized websites or in regulatory documents should be taken into account.
  5. It is strictly forbidden to install railings with structural damage to individual elements or the entire system.
  6. The railing is fixed using certain anchors or other similar fasteners. Be sure to mount to the base and walls of the building.
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Constructions of this type have a unique appearance, since the material is perfectly processed and allows you to give it a different shape. As the basis of use of wooden timber of a certain thickness, which is subjected to curly cutting.

The disadvantage of wooden railing is rotting, to which it lends itself. This leads to a loss of functional properties and reduced operational safety. To protect the tree from harmful decomposition, it is covered with special paints, varnishes and other protective solutions.

The fixing of the wooden railing is done with the help of anchors that are equipped with a threaded rod. If possible, special “wood-grouse” fasteners can also be used, which pierce the floor through and the bottom are fixed.


Metal is one of the most durable materials to ensure a high level of security. Wrought iron railings have all these advantages and are distinguished by their unique design. In their manufacture using special metal rods, which bend to give them the desired shape. The number of such twisted elements can vary from several pieces to several tens. Fastening is done using special anchors or, if possible, by welding.

The main disadvantage of these products is the lack of protection of the loggia from the wind. The cost of wrought iron railings is also significantly higher than other similar systems.

Stainless steel

The railing of this type of metal is not only very beautiful and durable, but also very durable, since the material is covered with a thin film that prevents the development of corrosion. This allows you to exclude additional coating substances with paints and other similar compounds.

Such fences fit perfectly into the facades, made in modern style.Fastening to the base is performed using anchor bolts that fasten special supports. Between themselves, all elements of the railing are fixed using a threaded or bolted connection. Welding is possible in this case, but this process is very expensive and therefore rarely occurs.

Railings can also be formed from aluminum profiles or steel pipes that are bolted or welded. These structures are also highly durable, but their installation requires certain skills.

From glass

Glass fences are gradually gaining popularity, as they differ in original design and relatively good safety performance. The parapet consists of solid glass with metal inserts. It is characterized by the presence of several layers, and the material itself is hardened using a special technology. When it is heated to 600 degrees, you can give it any shape.

Glass fences must be manufactured using a certain technology and have the following technical features:

  1. When the size of the canvas is less than 600 * 375, the thickness of the glass itself must be greater than 3 mm.
  2. With the dimensions of the element 2500 * 1600, the minimum thickness of 7 mm and more is allowed.

Fastening of such structures to the bases is carried out by welding, bolts, anchors or using special glue. Direct fixation of the glass web to the supporting metal posts can be performed in several ways:

  1. Mounting on the frame.
  2. Fixation with the use of special profiles.
  3. Dot mount.
  4. Installation using clamps (applies only to steel frames).

Brick and Aerated Parapet

These materials are characterized by high strength and high weight. The fences thus obtained have a long service life. Professional construction allows you to get designs with a unique design that fit into the general trend of style.

Among the advantages of this material are several properties:

  1. The strength of the frame allows you to use it as a support for placing shelves on the loggia, hanging flowers, etc.
  2. When docking two loggias, a brick fence can significantly increase the sound and heat insulation.

But brick, as a material, is not a universal product and has several negative sides:

  1. Great weight.In some cases, the location of heavy structures is almost impossible on relatively fragile grounds. Installation of brick fences in multi-storey buildings requires special permission from specialists.
  2. The cost of construction may be somewhat higher than other similar systems.
  3. Installation of brick railing should be done only by an experienced specialist in compliance with all regulatory rules.

An alternative to brick can be granite or marble. They are perfectly amenable to processing, which allows you to make of them columns, railings and other attributes of fences. The disadvantage of these structures is also considerable weight, which does not allow to mount them on any types of balconies.

Methods of installation of balcony systems

One of the main factors influencing the choice of installation method is the type of material that is used in the manufacture of railings. Before you begin to mount, be sure to check the strength of the foundation.

Fastening of almost all types of fencing is performed using special anchor bolts. This process can be divided into several successive stages:

  1. Assembly.Begin such work from one edge and consistently move around the perimeter. When forged products are used as fencing, they are initially in the required form and their installation begins with direct fixation.
  2. After this, all the support posts are fastened to the foundation with special fasteners. When this part is ready, proceed to fixing the railing and cladding walls (if such is assumed).
  3. It is important when performing all these types of work to adhere to safety rules. Often this implies reliable insurance of the performer, exclusion of the location of people under the balcony, etc.
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After the attachment is completed, it is imperative to check the reliability of fixing the railing and whether they are able to withstand the intended load.

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