Furniture for the living room: types and ideas of interior design
In the arrangement of the living room, every object is of great importance. You can not just make the space furniture and hope that the interior will be cozy. It is important to take into account a number of nuances, due to which the design will look harmonious.
Furnishings for the living room are varied. Their number and purpose is subject to the purpose of the functional areas of the room, as well as the conceived idea of the design. Well, if there is the possibility of updating an existing set of furniture. In this case, you can pick up in the room details that correspond to the modern view of functionality.
Quite another thing if the budget is limited. This poses certain difficulties and compels to visually beat the flaws in the furniture. Especially exacerbated by the lack of space, in which the space is often overloaded with furniture, which deprives the interior of air and makes the situation difficult.These features include an open space layout and options for small-sized odnushek, in which families live more than two people.
The features of the room itself matter. Often, it is precisely for each part that it defines its place. This can be affected by the location of windows, doorways, the height of the walls, the presence of protrusions, niches, broken perspectives. In addition to narrow doorways, a negative factor is the slope of the walls, which puts severe restrictions on the placement of furniture.
The task of harmonious interior design is to transform the room’s flaws into its advantages, which is possible with a thorough approach and study of each projection.
The design approach will allow, through the placement of furniture, to fit into the space the necessary set of interior details in such a way that the interior composition will look stylish and airy. At the same time, the design idea takes into account the functionality of each element of the arrangement and its pleasant aesthetic perception.
What is important?
Furniture for the living room is different from the furnishings of other rooms. Its task is to create a relaxing atmosphere.The living room is the heart of any home, therefore it is imperative that every household likes to be in this room. The atmosphere should be homely, which is achieved by buying upholstered furniture, a coffee table, a wardrobe, a dining area with a table and chairs.
However, not everything is so simple: the furniture should correspond to the desired style, be selected in color, taking into account the background of the walls and be based on the light level of the room.
For example, if the living room windows face the north side, in addition to the selected size and model, you will have to beat the color to fill the room with warmth and light. Lamps can help in part, but the color of the furniture should be successful, otherwise no lighting fixture can correct the imbalance of the interior. Furniture is not picked up just because you like its color: the overall picture of the interior is important.
There is another nuance: the larger the room, the more details of the arrangement should be. Otherwise, on the general background, the corners will seem uninhabited, which will outwardly catch the eye, depriving the interior of expressiveness.
This problem can be solved through the decor, but it is not always able to replace the furnishing details.Therefore, in addition to the main set of furniture, you will need small parts, for example, stands for placing table lamps, poufs, shelves.
If the living room is combined with an adjoining room, this opens up more possibilities for placing furniture., allowing the arrangement of furniture in the most unusual places, without closing the space for free movement to the desired room.
Particular attention is paid to spaces with the presence of a bay window, which is often settled for a specific purpose, based on what kind of zone it is (game, guest, dining, resting place or study).
In the modern design of the living room, it is important that each piece of furniture is as useful as possible for use. Therefore, today the living room furniture is used not only as a place to rest or sleep: it is often a way of delimiting the space when designing a room's zoning. This creates an unobtrusive organization of every corner of the room, which helps to maintain order.
Depending on the size of the room, they distinguish the main and additional set of furniture items.The main furniture ensemble includes furniture for the guest area. This is a sofa and a coffee table. If the living room footage allows, armchairs and poufs are added to the sofa. At the same time, the design approach allows the creation of a furniture ensemble of objects of different color. Additions are poufs, attached tables.
A good solution is the use of modular furniture, which consists of separate blocks.
This type of furniture is convenient because, depending on the characteristics of the room footage and its layout, you can buy only those modules that fit into the interior most harmoniously. This applies to the sofa, cabinets and shelves, as well as hallways, if the living room is the only room of the house with an open plan. Consider the basic details of the furniture of the living room, creating comfort.
The sofa is the main component of the furniture of the guest area. Based on the features of the model, the sofa determines the degree of comfort, sets the relaxing atmosphere. Therefore, it is imperative that it be as functional as possible.
Depending on the purpose, the rules for choosing a sofa are:
- structural reliability;
- the possibility of transformation;
- nice appearance;
- the convenience of the location of users;
- upholstery practicality;
- convenience of the transformation mechanism;
- possibility of layout with other furniture;
- ease of care.
All existing types of sofas can be divided into two groups:
- linear (straight);
Both types are suitable for arrangement of a drawing room, each look has the mass of advantages. Both categories provide many types of folding, which allows you to use the sofa as a full bed, if you need to arrange guests for the night. According to the transformation mechanism, sofas are folding, roll-out, swivel. Some varieties provide a folding book, while the transformation lift up, then push forward and lower the seat and backrest. The third type of folding resemble an accordion, the fourth - a folding bed.
Thanks to a well-thought-out approach, the production takes into account the universal location of the sofa in the guest zone of the hall. Therefore, in most models it can be placed close to the wall, thereby saving the useful area of the room. Both linear and angular view of the sofa saves space when installed in a corner.
The design of the sofa can have:
- side faces with shelves in the form of a rack;
- corner element with a table;
- armrests with a table;
- spacious inner drawers for bed linen.
For information on how to choose the mechanism of transformation of the sofa, see the following video.
These sofa accessories used to be an integral part of the guest area set. Today, their function is often replaced by an additional sofa or bean bags, as well as individual modules of upholstered furniture, which, if necessary, can be attached to the main sofa. Since for the modern person the functionality is in the first place, they try to buy folding chairs. This allows, if necessary, to arrange guests overnight.
If you plan to equip the living room in the old style, buy rocking chairs, wicker varieties or vintage models with high backs.
When the emphasis is on convenience, they get soft products. Some design directions allow different models in form and color, so it’s not necessary to buy armchairs with paired and identical ones. Having a sense of taste, you can combine what at first glance seems incompatible.In the guest area you can place one product, the second to buy, for example, for the fireplace area.
This piece of furniture is obligatory for the living room: it maintains the hospitable atmosphere of home comfort, it is a table for treating guests. In some cases, it is used to house decorative items (for example, fresh flowers, figurines). Typically, this piece of furniture in the guest area is designed to treat several people. These tables are different, they are bought in accordance with their needs.
Modern functional models are folding structures that can combine the functions of a tea table, a desk, and a bedside table, which is important if there is a shortage of space to accommodate guests. Buying a model is subject to room footage: for a spacious living room of an apartment or a private house, models are purchased with an emphasis on decoration.
If the room is small, try to buy models with additional drawers. The presence of closed boxes allows you to get rid of small parts, the abundance that creates in a small space a sense of confusion.
An alternative to coffee tables are attached counterparts. They are higher, convenient for refreshments, in most cases mobile: you can move them close to the sofa if you need to work on a laptop, watch a video, film, have a cup of tea. In addition to height, a distinctive feature of coffee coffee tables is compactness. Such designs fit on the surface of the tabletop only the most necessary. There is enough space for a maximum of two people.
The shape and functionality of the design are varied. and depend on the type of material used, as well as the chosen style. With compact dimensions, the attached table can have shelves, drawers. Sometimes it looks like a mini-dresser.
Some models are creative, have an elongated shape, which allows them to be used when there is a shortage of sill space for flowering plants or a TV.
This component of the living room arrangement is an alternative to wardrobes and dressers. Unlike them, the rack contributes to easier perception of space. Outwardly, this is a set of shelves of different sizes, combined in a box, due to which the design is not loosened.Classic models for living rooms are open shelves, which are often closed on the back side. This allows you to place this furniture not only against the wall: through such shelves you can zone the space, giving each functional area a clear organization.
Models can be linear, angular, step (in the form of a ladder). According to the type of installation, they are classical (installed on 4 pillars), built-in (installed in a niche room) and suspended (fixed directly on the wall). Each product has a small depth (40-55 cm).
Depending on the model, the rack can:
- consist exclusively of shelves;
- have up to 4-6 closed windows;
- differ in the presence of drawers;
- have console shelves that extend beyond the main frame.
Interesting design with a shelf under the TV.
They allow you to organize a recreation area, equipping the wall opposite the sofa as efficiently as possible. Other varieties may resemble modular cabinets or slides, differing in the different heights of each module. Options with supports and built-in models are able to withstand a lot of weight,Attachments are not designed for the location of heavy objects. They can be used for books, decorative vases, soft toys and live plants.
Those who pay tribute to traditions add a spacious wardrobe or wardrobe to the basic furniture set of the guest area. At the same time, modern models have an interesting design and compactness, due to which they do not look massive and fit into the overall look of the interior is appropriate and stylish. This furniture is often an element of furnishing rooms with a lack of free space. It allows you to remove small items from the visible space, as well as clothes and bedding.
Such furniture in the living room is placed mainly in small-sized apartments, where it is important to use every centimeter of usable area.
If style requires, acquire a showcase cabinet. Today, such furniture is the focus of interior design. It differs from the wardrobe with the presence of glass facades. This is a kind of demonstration of small accessories of interior composition (beautiful dishes, figurines, sea shells), which bring the right theme to the design.This cabinet looks lighter than the classic counterpart, it does not overload the space and contributes to the organization of the room. If necessary, it is used to divide the room into separate functional areas, like a sofa.
Dining table and chairs are components of the interior of the living room in the event that it has a dining room. This is mainly furniture for spacious rooms with a separate place for dining. Dining room furniture is a set consisting of a dining table and chairs of one set. Details can not be separated, as in the case of guest space, otherwise the interior of the dining area loses its integrity.
For arrangement buy strict, concise models or varieties with carved legs. The design depends on the chosen style. The main focus when making a purchase on the functionality and reliability of structures.
Furniture is bought from high-quality raw materials that can withstand daily operation for many years. At the same time, environmental friendliness and safety of the material, type of floor covering (chairs and table should not slide over the surface), its resistance to weight loads are taken into account.
Chest of drawers
This piece of furniture is involved in the interior of the living room less often.Basically, it is bought for placing clothes in apartments, where the living room is the only living room. The space is divided into several functional areas, with the dresser can be both a container of clothes and a partition. Often try to pick up a model with a mirror and a mass of drawers. If the mirror in the interior is already there, get a model with a shelf under the TV. This saves a lot of space.
Sometimes there is enough space in the living room to arrange a recreation area or a children's play corner. An excellent solution would be to engage a bay area in which the chest can become a repository of children's toys.
Often it is used as a bedside table for lamps and fresh flowers, sometimes it competes with a wardrobe. If the front of the dresser is glass or mirror, the lower part is used as a showcase.
Whatever the furniture (soft, modular, built-in, hanging, radius), its choice for decorating the living room depends on the material of manufacture, which is directly related to the design style. In some cases, ergonomic furniture is appropriate, for other areas one cannot do without the usual classics, in the third interior compositions, emphasis is placed on mixing classical and ergonomic furniture.
In modern production of furniture used various raw materials. Of the wide range of materials, we note several of the most appropriate for the interior of the living room.
This material is the best raw material for living room furniture. The tree is environmentally friendly, during the operation does not emit harmful substances into the air. It is used in the manufacture of tables, cabinets, dressers, dining chairs, a frame of upholstered furniture (sofas and armchairs) and shelving. In addition, made of wood with attached tables with sideboards and drawers. Wood is durable, allows the surface to be varnished in case of need to update the surface.
The most in demand are products from wenge oak, teak, beech, maple, merbau, boxwood.
Such an array is very hard, this furniture does not lose its appearance for decades. However, because of the hardness of the complicated wood processing. Often in the production of using varieties of lower medium hardness: elm, walnut, apple, ash, cherry. Such raw materials are malleable during processing, although its performance is lower.
Low-cost pieces of furniture are made of chipboard, fiberboard, MDF and veneer.Chipboards are pressed material from waste wood processing and sawmill with the addition of formaldehyde resins. Fiberboard differ in manufacturing technology: in the process of creating an array grind and steam treated. Such materials are often used to create wardrobes.
MDF differs in environmental friendliness in comparison with two previous materials and is more expensive.
This is a progressive material that allows milling in the form of various patterns. Veneer is a thin sheet of shavings that revets the facade of chipboard or MDF surfaces. All varieties are inferior in quality and durability of the tree, they are unstable to prolonged exposure to moisture.
Metal is a durable and reliable frame material. It is used for upholstered furniture, supplying the design of sofas with steel transformation mechanisms. Due to the metal base, the models are reliable, practical and durable: they provide for daily operation for 10 years or more. The use of metal as sofa supports, coffee table, chairs extends the service life, increases the weight load.
Metal elements are particularly relevant in the details of furnishing modern interiors, where the emphasis is on chrome-plated furniture elements.
Despite the apparent fragility, glass is a sought-after component of room furnishing. Especially often it is used for coffee table or dresser table top. For the arrangement of the room using a reinforced type of material with a glossy surface, which is resistant to random mechanical damage. Glass elements of furniture bring lightness and airiness to any interior, their use allows unloading the massiveness of a sofa, cabinet, shelving.
At the same time, a particularly demanded type of raw material for furnishing is colored or tinted glass of dark shades. In addition to table tops, it is used in the facades of display cabinets, racks, bollards, and the case of attached tables.
Upholstery is an important component of the beautiful and practical appearance of the sofa and armchairs. Since the living room is a place with a large cross, the upholstery material is selected on the basis of practical considerations. It can be leather, eco-leather, leatherette and textiles.Leather sofas are practical, this material is environmentally friendly, resistant to moisture and easy to clean. It is durable.
The material that mimics the skin is a leather film glued to a textile base. In the process of long-term operation, the film lags behind the base; therefore, it is less resistant to constant cleaning. Textiles allow moisture and air, such upholstery is environmentally friendly. Furniture with it is cheaper, however, its service life is significantly reduced, even if the material consists of dense and durable interlaced threads. The most popular types of upholstery are microfiber, jacquard, furniture tapestry.
The choice of material for the hall in an apartment or in a private country house is also based on practicality. Often, to extend the life and attractiveness of upholstered furniture, designs are decorated with eurocovers, wrapping the sofa and chairs completely.
However, furniture-transformer can not always be covered with dense textiles with an elastic texture that is resistant to the claws of pets. They are not suitable for rattan and wicker chairs.
Dimensions of living room furniture are subject to the available space and the total number of details of the guest area.Conventionally, the furniture is compact small, standard medium size and large size. A distinctive feature of modern furniture is spaciousness and compact forms. This allows, if necessary, zoning to place in the living room, which is the only living room of the dwelling, bedroom furniture.
Dimensions of sofas for the living room when folded can be 130-250 cm in length, 50-120 cm in depth. The parameters of the corner models are 65-85 cm in length and more, while the length of the models can vary from 160 to 220 cm. Transformer models in unfolded form range from 70 cm in width to 240 and from 180 to 260 cm in length.
If the product is made to order, dimensions may be more spacious.
The depth of the racks varies from 40 to 60 cm. At the same time, the length can be from 1 m to 2.5 and more (up to installation on the whole wall). Sectional details can be 47, 55, 165 cm in length. Height varies from 180 cm to 2 m. Combined models of cabinets can reach a width of 80 cm, length - 240-250 cm, height - up to 2 m. The average parameters of coffee tables are 50x50x45, 80x80x35, 100x100x40, 130x60x40, 140x160x45 cm (the last figure is height).
The upholstered tables are higher and narrower.Their dimensions are 70 - 88 cm in height, length and width vary from 40x40 cm to 60x60 and 70x70 cm. Sometimes models provide for an increase in the table top due to sliding shelves, which add to the table top from 20 to 40 cm in length. Curbstones, tables can reach a length of up to 1 m with a width of 80-100 cm. The size of the tables for the dining area depends on the number of persons. They can be 1-2.5 m in length, while the width can be in the range of 80-120 cm.
The colors of the living room furniture are varied and depend on several factors:
- the degree of illumination of the room;
- room footage;
- features of color influence on a person;
- taste preferences.
Conventionally, the color palette can be divided into four categories:
Shades of upholstered furniture can be natural, light, rich and monochrome. The basis of the color in this case determines the upholstery, the color of which can be any within the normal range. Screaming and acid paints are unacceptable in the living room: soft, discreet tones are important, contributing to the creation of a relaxing atmosphere.
The priority is warm shades that are associated with home comfort.
The actual shades of furniture upholstery are sand, brown, the tone of light oak wenge, Sonoma, light gray, cream color. Light palette colors are no less in demand: milky, ivory hue, smoky tones. Wine, blue and black colors are giving way to soft contrasts: yellow, turquoise, terracotta, purple shades of a color palette are in the center of attention. Colored furniture brings cheerfulness to the interior.
White color allows you to bring light into space, it does not lose its relevance, but if there is a lot of this color in the design of the hall design, you cannot do without dark strokes.
Furniture made of solid wood mainly adheres to natural paints. In this case, the tones are bound to a certain type of wood (for example, walnut, oak, ash). Popular colors for cabinets, dining and coffee tables, curbstones, shelves and racks are mahogany, rowan, teak, cherry, rosewood and ebony, pine, zebrano, bog oak, shades, sapelli, eben. Each tone is different peculiar texture: shades can have transitions of tone, grain.
Products made of wood are not only made in natural shades: this type of material is easier to paint. It allows the surface to be covered with foil.Therefore, in addition to brown and beige colors, this furniture can be yellow, orange, white, cream, greenish and olive. If necessary, the color of such products can be changed (for example, by updating old furniture under the interior in any color scheme). Do this through self-adhesive film, choosing the desired shade.
The color of the glass inserts is varied. In addition to the classic glass and mirror facades of the cabinet, as well as the coffee table, in the arrangement of the hall use unique designs of glass in chocolate and black. Externally, these pieces of furniture look stylish and expensive. Due to the color shade, the furniture successfully fits into the overall interior of the living room, giving it a unique and special aesthetics.
Products for the dining area of the living room are made in different colors. More often it is light shades of a palette: white, light gray, beige, light brown color. This furniture is not the main, so it should not stand out.
Dark tones are excluded: they are appropriate where they will not interrupt all attention to the dining area. Such furniture with chrome details looks good.
Style and design
The main factor determining the design of furniture and its layout is the chosen style of the living room. Due to the design ideas, you can convey the desired atmosphere, make the interior cozy. To date, popular design trends are classic, modern, ethnic, vintage style.
This trend includes classics, neoclassics, classicism, Italian style. It is possible to rank an interior in English style to them. These interior compositions require sophisticated furniture and the presence of elements of palace solemnity in it. This is a leather upholstery of upholstered furniture, necessarily expensive solid wood furniture with carved legs and gilding. The presence of a dresser with a mirror.
The English direction is distinguished by a certain restraint and rich tones of upholstered furniture; this is a classic with a fireplace and upholstered furniture in the tone of heavy curtains.
Neoclassicism is somewhat simpler: it is close to modern trends: the tones of the furniture are lighter, but without gilding the furniture loses solemnity. The card of the classic design branch is the symmetry and naturalness of the furniture.It is often massive and is suitable mainly for spacious living rooms, although in recent times trademarks have been trying to produce also compact wooden models.
This group includes many areas that are distinguished by stylish and original solutions. Demand are minimalism, modern, hi-tech. Minimalism is inherent in the use of modern materials with an abundance of metal structures. It is furniture on metal frame, which is distinguished by ergonomics and, more often, by light shades of a color palette, which brings lightness and a sense of spaciousness to the interior. No frills: everything is simple and strictly functional, the lines of furniture are straight, without bends.
Modern allows elegance: sofas and chairs can have an unusual shape, instead of cabinets use shelving and console shelves. Coziness is appreciated, but without massiveness. The priority is a tree of valuable hardwoods, curly lines with sophisticated carving and inlay.
Shades should be light: valued pearl, blue, soft lavender, beige tones.
High-tech does not allow furnishing of random things, the presence of mechanisms is welcome.Furniture items must be made of high-quality synthetics, glass, stainless steel and not have decorations.
The favorites of the stylistics are built-in furniture, metal bar counters, transformable furniture with submission to advanced technologies.
Among other areas of design, loft and grunge are the fashionable design of the living room. They are distinguished by the imitation of a dwelling for an abandoned building site. Combines two styles of involvement in the decor of the interior of expensive furniture. It can be different in color, design, but it is important that it be branded. The avant-garde style welcomes the unusual shape of the furniture, so it is often made to order, so that it is the central element of the hall.
Since avant-garde loves the freedom of space, furniture should not be bulky. It is important that it be functional.
This category includes Oriental, Chinese, Arabic, Scandinavian styles, each of which is characterized by individuality. For Chinese and Japanese styles, space and lightness of lines are important. Arabic design means an abundance of carved and shaped elements, the presence of gilding on the legs of the sofa, chairs, engaging in the arrangement of rich tones. It is important that the furniture was elegant.For greater similarity with the tent, it is supplemented with all kinds of poufs and pillows.
The Scandinavian style does not accept the abundance of decorations: it needs air, which is transmitted by means of light colors of furniture and simplicity of lines.
These areas include retro, Provence, antique style and baroque. It is important to convey the desired atmosphere through the shade, form. In each case, the stylistic decision individually. The furniture can be painted white with carved legs or simple and deliberately coarse.
The use of wooden structures and derivatives of the array is allowed. For example, in the antique style, it should be ceremonial and pompous with a claim to scope and power. For baroque characteristic fancy shapes. The sofa and armchairs, made with an abundance of ornate decorative elements, can have gilded armrests, legs and a kind of crown along the top of the seat.
How to furnish?
It is not enough to buy furniture, for the harmony of the interior it is important to arrange it correctly. The main focus of any living room is a sofa. More often it is not placed in a corner, but placed in the center of the wall.Opposite the couch, they are satisfied with the video zone: they emit a wall with contrasting wallpaper, put a rack with open and closed shelves and space for plasma. All small parts are removed in the drawers.
Sometimes the arrangement is arbitrary. For example, if the living room is located in the attic, the sofa can be placed along the window. If it is necessary to zone a space, a sofa, a rack, a wardrobe can be located across the room. If there is enough space, the accent guest area may be in the center of the room.
Consider a few examples:
- the sofa is located in a niche formed by installing furniture under the home library;
- a wall with closed shelves, drawers and a TV is located opposite the sofa, table and two chairs;
- cantilever shelves with thumbs are appropriate on both sides of the fireplace ledge, the corner sofa is perpendicular to it;
- an unusual method of engaging a corner under a video zone with a glass table and two ergonomic chairs placed opposite it;
- an example of a symmetrical arrangement inherent in the classics: a sofa in the center, armchairs and attached tables on the sides, a coffee table is located in front of the sofa;
- playing constructive projections furniture to order: angular sectional design passes their guest area in the dining;
- the sofa divides the space between dining and guest areas: the location of the corner structure adds an unobtrusive organization;
- the sofa can be put in the bay area, leaving room for free passage to the windows. At the same time the identical sofa can settle down symmetrically concerning the first in relation to the fireplace.
Manufacturers and reviews
On the modern furniture market a wide range of furniture for decorating the living room is presented. Polish, Belarusian, German, as well as domestic companies have achieved particular success and attention of buyers.
- "The ABCs of furniture" produces combined cabinets, cabinets, sectional shelving, walls, structures with glass facades and shelves for TV.
- BRW manufactures modular systems, including display cabinets, shelving, TV cabinets, hanging drawers, furniture of linear and angular type.
- "Borovichi" is a manufacturer of corner and linear sofas of various shapes and transformation systems with and without armrests, as well as poufs, living rooms in the form of walls in white and wood color.
- "Lapis lazuli" produces racks of classic and hinged type of various modifications, stylish coffee tables, sofas in elite light and dark shades.
Reviews of these furniture manufacturers are mostly positive. Buyers note that the living room decor with it becomes stylish, looks modern and expensive. In this case, the comments indicate the ease of construction, capacity and convenience of selection of modules in each case.
Beautiful examples and options
To assess the possibilities of creating a harmonious interior of the living room through furniture, you can refer to examples of photo galleries.
Eclecticism in the interior of the living room, combined with a dining area, looks stylish and appropriate.
Sectional upholstered furniture, an unusual coffee table fit into the deliberately rough design of the space with an emphasis on communications.
An angular sofa, a laconic table, a rack with console shelves make up a harmonious set of furniture in a small space.
The original solution in the style of Provence: upholstered furniture upholstered in texture and shade, the color of tables, dressers and sectional display cases.The general view is harmonious, the space is small, while cozy and not overloaded.
Stylish and elite solution: the selection of the guest area corner sofa and pedestal-transformer, the implementation of the dining area of identical in color and style of furniture.
The use of built-in furniture in the living room saves space: a rack with glass facades, a pedestal and a space for a TV uses a niche, making the wall a slight accent of the room.