Firewood for the fireplace
Today, many start in a country house biofireplaces, traditional wooden hearths or stoves stoves. Someone prefers an exact copy of historical models, others adhere to strict symmetry in the design of such a device. Fireplaces are decorated with carvings, bas-reliefs, sculptures, various paintings. However, without natural wood you will not warm the house or the soul. Ensure the operation of the furnace equipment with the help of natural fuel - wood.
This material is intended for burning in fireplaces, fireboxes. With it, you can achieve the necessary heat, heat and lighting in the room. Loft, urban chic, country, eco and many others are more popular than ever. They have an essential element of the interior is the lounge-zone, which is not complete without decorative fireplaces. Firewood for them can be purchased in sawn or chipped form.
The main property of the material should be the minimum amount of moisture.Most often, firewood has a standard size from 25 to 33 cm. Products are sold by weight, they are packaged or supplied in bulk stock meters.
With proper choice of fuel, the fireplace will bring in an atmosphere of comfort, special magic to the house. Of all the currently known "food" for him, firewood is the most environmentally friendly option. Crackling, they create an enchanting smell, best reflecting on human health.
What can you drown?
It will be possible to heat any fireplace installation using briquettes, birch, beech or brushwood from any fruit tree, juniper branches, etc. soot and occupying a minimum of space in the house.
Conventional firewood is much cheaper, even such species as alder and aspen, pine pear, apple. The mass of dry matter in the briquettes is minimal. When kindling they put on paper, bark. Both materials light up equally well. The duration of burning briquette will be much longer than standard logs,However, the aesthetic beauty of the flames is presented by firewood, stumps and roots.
The British use the amazing secret of reducing soot in the chimney. They throw a pinch of salt on logs or briquettes during each bookmark. They are also often put in a vertical position for much vigorous and energetic burning. With wood in your store will be half an hour for heating, and with briquettes - a full hour.
For open structures there are increased fire safety requirements, the presence of good ventilation of the room. They serve primarily for space heating, consume from 200 to 1000 m3 of air per hour. It is important to lay the floor around such a structure made of non-combustible materials (tiles, stone, etc.). Best used for hornbeam beech, birch firewood.
Even oak, aspen, and fruit trees can be picked up for closed constructions. In this case, the degree of fire hazard is reduced, the unpleasant odors of combustion products do not apply indoors. The only question remains to the chimney, which will be more intensively clogged.
What can not drown?
Not the best option for fireplaces will be wood from pine, eaten, because with them the risk of fire increases. Despite this, they give a pleasant New Year scent. In the kindling of a fireplace, great difficulties will cause yew, hornbeam, etc. The conifers have a high resin content, which means they are as combustible as possible. In no case can not heat the room with sawdust and remnants of old furniture, which may contain varnish or paint.
Which is better?
It is believed that the main fuel for any fireplace is a hardwood tree. First of all, you should pay attention to hard woods, like oak, birch. It is worth noting that when burning, they emit some heat, but they have a rather high flame size and burn for a long time. Alder, frutkovy firewood is in demand. They should be moderately dried, not have a gray tint.
An excellent substitute for firewood, coal is briquettes (they are also classified as hard rock). Such evrodrova suitable for boiler, home Russian stove, fireplaces. They are produced from industrial wastes, for example, woodworking, food: rice husks, various seeds, tyrus, peat, sawdust, etc.
The briquette contains a sticky element, which experts call a binder. For maximum strength, the product can be strongly pressed and dried. The material bears absolutely no harm to human health.
Its main features are:
- high heat transfer due to humidity of 4-8%;
- high density 0.95-1g / cm3, affecting the calorific value;
- ergonomic material that occupies a minimum of space in the house, utility room, basement;
- ecological cleanliness (they do not pollute the environment);
- low humidity, due to which a little soot is released.
Fuel briquettes are available in three formats: Pini-Key, Roof and Nestra with the same chemical composition. The greatest heat transfer is given by the product from sunflower seeds, the smallest - from rice husk.
Briquette production is not complete without a hydraulic or mechanical press. Such models do not contain harmful binders for health, have a different shape and resemble ordinary firewood. Experts recommend to avoid the "fuel" for the fireplace, made from waste plywood factories. In some cases, the manufacturer uses not only pressing, but also firing surfaces. Popular firms for the production of such materials are C.F. Nielsen, Pini-kay, RUF, Nestro, etc.
Pine is the best option for fireplaces, will serve as fuel for an open structure, but in small quantities. Pine logs are afraid to buy only for one simple reason: they are easily ignited and instantly flare up, increasing the risk of fire. On the other hand, pine gives an exceptional aroma, associated with comfort and a homely atmosphere. In their composition - a huge amount of resin, therefore, no cod, smoke, sparkle can not do.
Birch logs emit a tremendous amount of heat when burning. You can watch for hours high bright flame. All the time while the fireplace is burning, pleasant aromas and special substances that can purify the air will not leave the room. An important advantage of birch wood was a low price, and the disadvantage was a large and rapid accumulation of soot in the chimney.
Aspen belongs to those breeds that have soft wood, which means they burn excellently, they hardly sparkle. The density of the dry material is 0.37 g / cm3. The main advantage of such firewood: minimal smoke, incredibly bright fire.He will not only create a spiritual atmosphere in the room, but also “clean” the chimney pipe from soot due to the high combustion column. Aspen can be combined with oak or birch logs in order to increase the rate of fire.
Oak has the highest heat transfer of all known species - 4.2 kWh / kg. The only drawback is the difficulty of splitting oak firewood, absolutely does not affect their high demand. They are hard rock, give a pleasant aroma, are available in price.
Alder logs and branches can instantly inflame. Compared with other rocks, they emit less heat, but they burn soot perfectly and clean chimneys. While burning, the alder releases special substances into the air, which, among other things, effectively fight against colds.
How to heat a fireplace with glass?
Glass fireplace will retain its transparency, neat appearance, if it uses a special kind of wood, it is better even decorative (models with light, ceramic products, etc.).
It is always nice to watch the dance of fire through huge glasses with wide viewing angles,on which soot manifests itself not immediately. The quality of the fuel you choose influences the purity and transparency of the glass surface.
Experts recommend to pay attention to such varieties of soft wood as aspen, alder. Also suitable hard rock in the form of oak, beech logs. They literally "smoke out" soot from the hearth.
Purchase wood with a moisture content of less than 20%. Such a dry material naturally demonstrates a smooth flame, and therefore reduces the risks of strong smoke and soot formation. Not the best solution will be placed in the furnace conifers that sparkle, pop and clog not only the glass "panorama", but also the chimney itself because of its tar.
How to stoke a fireplace?
You do not want to get angry after a few fires? For this you need to learn the technology of normal thrust and how to properly reduce the amount of smoke in the stove, fireplace. At that time, while you enjoy the crackling crackling of wood, a natural product of combustion, carbon dioxide, is emitted into the air. Most of it enters the chimney and out. But the part still remains in the room.It is important to set up such traction in order not to get angry during rest, sleep, etc.
It is important to use “fuel” with a minimum percentage of moisture less than 20%. The ignition should be carried out in such a way that the temperature increases gradually. The source of smoke is bark, therefore it is best to use firewood, previously cleaned or rounded.
It is also necessary to systematically check the tightness, integrity of the heated system (stoves, furnaces, fireplaces). Experts do not recommend closing the valve during ignition. Through a small sash or aperture the thrust intensity will be regulated.
Many wonder what to do if both firewood and briquettes do not burn well. In this case, it is worth using additional materials for high-quality kindling: chips, thin chips, branches, etc.
How beautiful to pack?
For a beautiful styling "armed" with firewood of an approximate similar size. It is better if their length is 4-7 cm shorter than the depth of the firebox. First, you need to lay the kindling, wood chips in the form of a hill, and from above, at a distance of 10-15 cm from the bottom - the firewood of the type of "pioneer fire".
How much do you need?
When choosing a budget or expensive option for fireplace equipment, an important criterion is the capacity of the firebox, the amount of wood that will optimally fit into it. Dry, but not rotten firewood should occupy no more than of the structure itself. If it is thick logs, it is enough to use 3-4 pieces, and if we are talking about birch, aspen, poplar logs, it will take up to 10 pieces.
How and in what is better to store?
Chimney wood material is best kept in a dry place, and artificial models of ceramics - in a prominent place as an interior decor. Today, there is an enormous amount of special “vaults” that will remove the unaesthetic type of ordinary firewood away from the eyes. A special holder, drawer, basket, and even a wardrobe in various sizes and colors are sold in online stores. Thanks to such constructions you will not spoil the interior of the bedroom, living room and even the basement, and the firewood will retain its properties.
Decorative firewood and new technologies will help to set up a cozy homely atmosphere, relaxation and aesthetics at the same time. It can be processed natural logs, ceramic branches completely imitating wooden, plastic models, etc.You can use whole logs, chocks, lightly charred cuts, spruce cones and beautiful branches. Most closely resembling natural, firewood is often supplied with backlighting or is a 3D projection.
An important object in the design of a classic or modern interior is also considered to be electric fire, for which, respectively, electric wood is used. Imitation of burning looks truly impressive.
Ceramic firewood with the effect of burning is stylishly looked. Heat-resistant ceramics show combustion when burning. Virtually no difference between this process! Such products are made as close as possible to real wood in the color of birch, alder, aspen, etc. In specialized stores, you can also find charred logs of ceramics.
To create a cozy atmosphere, it is recommended to purchase real firewood with spectacular lighting. Including, it can be an LCD screen, as the basis of the design. The main advantage of such models is fire safety. You will be sure that no spark will cause a fire.