Wood-burning stoves

 Wood-burning stoves

Today, the presence of a fireplace in the interior will not surprise anyone - thanks to the diversity of their varieties, a city’s small apartment can be equipped with a fireplace. However, if you are a happy owner of your own country cottage or cottage, you can afford such an excellent functional detail of the interior, like a real fireplace with wood. Wood fireplaces fit perfectly into the interior, give it a special comfort, and, most importantly, effectively heat a large area of ​​the room. So let's take a closer look at them.

Design features

  • Wood-burning stoves are designs, the main elements of which are the firebox and chimney. In the firebox, the process of fuel combustion takes place, thanks to the chimney, the products of combustion are brought out and carbon monoxide is extracted, it does not remain inside the room;
  • Smoke box.This is the camera located above the furnace. Helps to remove harmful gases in the chimney;
  • Portal. Decorative niche in which the fireplace is installed;
  • The grate - on it is a woodpile;
  • Ashpit - the lower part of the firebox, in which ash is collected;
  • Smoke tooth - located behind the fireplace, and is designed to protect the house from the penetration of smoke and cold air.

Wood-burning stoves for houses and cottages are built, as a rule, from bricks or natural stone, but also pig-iron constructions, so-called stoves-fireplaces of long burning are also found. They are not afraid of temperature fluctuations and they are able to independently heat a fairly large area of ​​the room. Such furnaces consist of:

  • The furnace made of cast iron;
  • Flue;
  • Portal of refractory material - brick, metal, marble;
  • Radiator;
  • Door for closing the furnace. The material for their manufacture is fire-resistant glass.

The fireplace for the bath is made of steel sheets, inside is laid refractory brick. The grate connecting the ash pan and the combustion chamber is made of cast iron.

Types, Pros and Cons

Wood-burning stoves are conventionally divided into two groups, each of which includes several types of fireplaces. The first group - brick fireplaces, the second - cast iron. Consider them in more detail:

  • Brick fireplaces can be divided into two subgroups: with a straight and with a winding chimney. The first variety is best suited to quickly warm the air in the room. This happens as follows: during the combustion of fuel, the nearest layers of air and the brick itself heat up. However, due to strong traction, heated smoke does not linger in the smoke channel, but is discharged to the chimney, which significantly reduces the efficiency of such fireplaces and is one of their drawbacks. Their second drawback is uneven heating of the room. And the third - such a fireplace produces heat only when it burns fuel, it does not have a prolonged heating. Fireplaces with a winding chimney, on the contrary, can warm up the room for several hours after the completion of the firebox, so these stoves are more versatile. Above the furnace it is possible to install a cooking surface on which it will be convenient to cook food, dry mushrooms, berries, fruits and vegetables, as well as heat water.

Positive reviews about brick stoves, fireplaces mark their presentable appearance, which is so in harmony with the interiors of country houses,the ability to install the fireplace of the parameters that fit your room, as well as a small consumption of materials.

  • Cast iron and metal fireplaces. This kind of wood stoves-fireplaces has a greater efficiency, compared with brick, due to the fact that the metal conducts heat better than stone. Such furnaces are often equipped with a hob, which allows them to additionally perform the functions of a stove, as well as a heat exchanger or water circuit to cover a larger area of ​​heating the room.
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The advantages of cast iron stoves:

  • high efficiency (up to 85%);
  • it is possible to install such a fireplace in the basement for heating the upper floors;
  • use of economical and environmentally friendly fuel - wood;
  • firewood can be from any tree.


  • high efficiency can cause severe overheating of the room;
  • the need for constant replenishment of fuel stocks;
  • in the event of improper operation, there is a risk of fire - therefore, it is necessary to carefully read the instructions and regularly check the condition of the equipment.

Interior design

For a country house wood stove-fireplace - it is absolutely indispensable thing. Most often being an additional heating device, it still helps home owners maintain the required temperature during interruptions in the main heating system (outside the city, as a rule, it is an electric or gas boiler). But each owner wants his fireplace-stove to be not only functional, but also beautiful and perfectly fit into the interior of the room. Consider a few style solutions:

  • With a classic interior design style, a fireplace decorated with granite, marble, and natural stone is suitable. The fireplace portal must have clear lines, without fancy decorations and excesses;
  • The interior in the style of country suggests a rough laying of a fireplace portal made of natural stone or brick. Hunting trophies hung over the fireplace will be a decoration;
  • Hi-tech style provides a fireplace made of materials such as chrome, metal and glass. As a rule, it is mini-fireplaces that perform more decorative than heating function. Often used for zoning space;
  • If you are attracted by the modern style, then the choice of both the material for the manufacture of the fireplace itself and the decorations for the fireplace portal is practically unlimited - it is enough to take into account all the features of the design of your room and decorate the fireplace in harmony with it;
  • An interesting loft style, distinguished by minimalism and deliberate coarseness of the finish, suggests the presence of a cast-iron or metal fireplace without additional decorations. As a rule, most often for him choose the island location.

Tips for choosing

In order for your wood-burning stove to become not only a pleasant addition to the interior, but also to faithfully perform its basic functions of heating the room, when choosing a suitable model, you should pay attention to such nuances:

  • For the location of the stove, choose a place away from flammable objects;
  • In the absence of a chimney, it is necessary to purchase it in accordance with the diameter of the existing chimney;
  • Install a steel plate on the floor under the fireplace - it will save the floor from damage by its sparks and, as a result, from fire;
  • You need a free opening and closing of the fireplace door,The knobs for adjustment and the knob must be heat insulated. Even the slightest damage to the body and internal devices of the furnace is inadmissible;
  • All certificates must be available;
  • Be sure to clarify the obligations of the company-seller of the guarantee - some parts of the furnace may not be included;
  • An important factor is the cost of the stove. A good imported oven will be a little more expensive than domestic.
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