Stone fireplaces - a tribute to tradition
Since ancient times, fire has attracted people, uniting them into families and tribes. Today, an attribute of that forgotten time is the fireplace - a cozy hearth that creates a pleasant mood. Such designs are of several types, which allows you to install them even in a normal apartment.
In order to bring the modern fireplace as close as possible to the classic look, several types of stones are used in its construction. It should be noted that, increasingly, such elements are merely decorative trims that cover the frame of the firebox.
Harsh operating conditions of fireplaces do not allow the use of any type of materials for such purposes. Such products should have some features:
- Heat resistance. Regardless of whether a fireplace is being constructed of stone or finished with it, this material should tolerate high temperatures perfectly.This is especially important in places of direct contact of this substance with open fire. One of the most durable materials that can be used for fireplaces is granite.
- Thickness. This characteristic is also one of the most important, since it depends on how well the fireplace will hold or give off heat. It should be noted that there is no universal value of thickness, since everything depends on the specific type of material used to solve such problems.
Varieties of material
Fireplaces are the unique constructions differing in unique power and perfect design. They are made using several types of stone, which should be considered in more detail.
This type of stone consists of pieces of various sizes from such rocks as dolomite, limestone, sandstone, and many other options. A distinctive feature of this material is its rough shape and raw surface, used by designers to create unique fireplaces. The color range of rubble stone varies from dark blue to light blue, brown, etc.Also often there are white patterns that look very beautiful.
Talcomagnesite is a rock of volcanic origin, having both a smooth and silky surface. The substance perfectly withstands temperatures up to 1600 degrees without changing the structure. The material perfectly accumulates heat, which is necessary for a modern fireplace.
The stone of this type is the same talcomagnesite, but it is made in the form of small plates that are used when facing fireplaces. With its help increase the conservation of heat in order to maximize the efficiency of thermal output.
Shellfish is a sedimentary rock, which consists of organic compounds. This led to the fact that in the structure of limestone very often you can find whole shells, giving it originality.
To reduce sprinkling, the stone is specially subjected to grinding. A kind of shell rock is sandstone, which is not so often used when facing fireplaces, as it crumbles.
Himalayan salt is a unique materialable to withstand temperatures up to 500 degrees. It produces small bricks that can be used to build or clad fireplaces. It is not advisable to operate in wet areas, as this leads to the destruction of Himalayan stone.
Gypsum is a very plastic substance, from which various decorative products are formed. They are great for cladding fake fireplaces, but when mounted on classic structures, it is desirable to protect them with an additional layer of insulation.
Acrylic resin stone is an artificial decorative material. It has a slightly lower cost than its natural counterparts. Acrylic stone can imitate almost any natural product of this kind.
Dagestan stone is a group of materials that are mined in the same territory. These include rocks such as limestone, sandstone, dolomite and coquina. All of them have a unique origin and physical characteristics.
Types of construction
Fireplaces were used by man for solving a variety of problems, which led to the appearance of several types of similar structures.All of them differ in minor details that you need to know before building them.
The design of this type is a kind of combination of the firebox and stove. The main purpose of this type of fireplace is cooking on the street. Therefore, they are often complemented by smokehouses, cutting tables and other similar attributes.
Fireplaces of this kind combine the classic functions and properties of the stove. They are often made from talcomagnesite, which retains heat perfectly. This stone can be used as the basis material for the walls, and only when they are finished.
Fireplaces of this type resemble classic designs, but they are installed only outside the premises. To enhance functionality, they can be supplemented with various components, such as worktop, barbecue, etc.
Another name for similar constructions is false-fireplaces. They are often used as decorations and in some cases can be supplemented with electric heating systems.
How to do it yourself: step by step instructions
The process of building a fireplace can be divided into several successive steps:
- Foundation building. For such structures, it is desirable to form a concrete base around the perimeter. The thickness of the foundation is selected from the size of the fireplace itself.
- Masonry frame. For such purposes, use either a brick or one of the previously considered stones. The main thing is that the material itself tolerates elevated temperatures. The construction algorithm also depends on these parameters. Therefore, it is desirable to pre-familiarize yourself with a specific method of construction.
- The final stage is the decoration or facing. Here there is a huge amount of materials and designs used to solve such problems. They need to pick up in accordance with personal desires.
When building fireplaces should pay particular attention to the design. Today, the so-called "antique" design is becoming more and more popular. To implement such ideas, experts recommend using several types of materials:
- Gypsum. The design of fireplaces increasingly dominated by elements in the form of columns, small arches and stucco.With the right selection of colors, you can create an imitation of old things, giving them a worn or aristocratic look.
- A natural stone. This material allows you to create very beautiful fireplaces that are not inferior to medieval designs. Also perfectly suited for solving such problems and piece stones, imitating the natural structure. These substances can be combined to create not only beautiful, but also a unique design.
Interesting interior solutions
Many designers use fireplaces as central elements in living rooms, allowing them to emphasize their originality and comfort. Therefore, planning such a design, you should consider the interior of your room. For example, for classic interiors, a fireplace lined with stone with even and strict lines is perfect. The main thing is to make a combination with wallpaper or to choose the desired color of the material. If you plan to create a cozy room, then it is advisable to trim the fireplace with a warm stone of unobtrusive color, suitable to the general situation. An alternative option is to entrust the arrangement of your room to the designer.