Laying stoves-fireplaces

Location selection

An ideal place to install a stove is a wall located inside the room. When laying at the outer wall, the heating of the room is uneven, and there is a waste of heat to heat the cold air from the wall itself and the windows. It is advisable to install a stove in the living room so that it has free access. The kitchen room is perfect for placing the cooker, including the firebox. When the choice of location is made, check that there is enough space for the chimney. It should not pass along the joist beam, as well as along the rafters.

The size of the stove depends on the floor space and the need for heating. If the design of a stove does not take into account this important factor, high heat transfer will lead to overheating of the air, and subsequent difficulty in breathing.

If desired, you can build a barbecue on the site, which will delight guests and hosts with various dishes from the oven.The place should be away from trees and outbuildings. It is recommended to lay the barbecue near the canopy, which will protect from the sun, wind or rain during the cooking period. Often, barbecue stoves are attached to the brick walls of summer kitchens.


The house is built, now is the time to buy all the necessary materials for laying the stove. The quality of the materials used ensures safety during operation. Since the furnace has high temperatures, all materials for its laying must be selected on the basis of fire-resistant and fire-resistant characteristics. It is necessary to refuse the use of any flammable, fusible and combustible compounds and mixtures.

For laying the stove, you will need to purchase clay, which will become the basis for the preparation of the appropriate mortar. The properties of plasticity, oiliness and heat resistance of clay affect the quality of the masonry. The lower the percentage of sand in the clay, the less likely it is to scatter and crack during operation of the furnace. Clay under the action of high temperatures is sintered, decreasing in volume.

For the preparation of solutions is not allowed to use sand with admixtures of silt or other plant inclusions. Lime is used for laying the caps of pipes above the roof. It is quenched with a small amount of water, mixing with any wooden object. A closed container with a solution prepared on the basis of lime is kept for up to two hours and after, it starts to work.

Plaster furnace with alabaster, that is, building plaster. White-gray powder is diluted with water and immediately plaster the hot surface of the furnace. To increase the setting time, 1-1.5 percent animal glue is added to the solution. Without the addition of glue, the alabaster-based solution begins to dry after 4 minutes.

Foundations and blocks of the firebox prefabricated fireplace stoves are performed using concrete mixtures. To prepare it, you need to mix concrete, water and filler. Minerals are used as fillers, for example, flask, tuff, diatomite. Glynites, agloporite and other blast-furnace granulated slags are also suitable. Such additives can reduce the level of consumption of concrete mix, as well as improve quality indicators.Salt electrolytes make the mixture resistant to freezing.

When laying the stove, preference should be given to different types of bricks, which will be laid out on the outer walls, floors, and chimney. Silicate brick is prohibited for masonry stoves.

Decorative ornamental materials used for furnaces located on the street. It may be cobblestone, limestone, granite and others.

In reviews by experienced stove-makers, there is often a reminder of the need to purchase construction felt, which will help reduce thermal conductivity from the heated surfaces of the furnace to other adjoining structures. Before installation, the felt is placed in a clay solution. Felt insulation of pipes and furnaces, wooden beams and any nearby highly flammable elements.

For lining the external surfaces of the furnace tiles suitable dry ready-mix or mastic, suitable exclusively for use at low temperatures.


It is easy to calculate the size of the fireplace-stove, it is enough to know the area of ​​the heated room and the required amount of heat transfer in kcal / hour.When calculating, it is necessary to strive to ensure that the required temperature in the room lasts as long as possible and there is no need to heat the furnace too often. Masonry options there is a huge amount.

It is possible to schematically depict an oven-fireplace in the section:

The cost of laying stoves, fireplace depends on the complexity of the design and materials used. Due to the high accuracy and accuracy, the work on the exterior cladding with decorative materials takes a lot of time.

For the purchase of materials will require 35 000 - 50 000 rubles, depending on the pricing policy of the region. But to attract a professional to the layout of the fireplace stove will cost many times more, the cost of work starts from 65,000 rubles. Pricing for laying pipe starts from 80 rubles for one brick laid. Works on laying the foundation will cost from 20 000 rubles. Therefore it is necessary to add to the cost of the stove to the cost of manufacturing a pipe, which depends on the diameter, thickness and height of the masonry.

Based on these calculations, it follows that the stove is not only heating, but also a real interior decoration!

Construction of the stove

The construction of any furnace begins with the manufacture of the foundation. In addition to the foundation, a modern stove-fireplace consists of such structural elements as the firebox, chimney and ash collection chamber. Rubble stone or ceramic brick are the basis for laying the foundation. Fix the design of the foundation through the use of mortars, for example, sand-lime or cement.

Firewood or other combustible substances are loaded into the firebox. Therefore, it is made of heat-resistant types of brick, laying out a wall not less than 12 cm thick. The height of the combustion chamber does not exceed 100 cm. The chimney is performed with the smallest number of bends that prevent the exit of combustion products. The chamber into which the ash is collected is laid out up to 20 cm high.

Correctly stove-fireplace will help ordering, which is a layout of bricks. The quality of the work done in order depends on the reliability of the entire design of the stove. As a rule, the furnace ordering is performed by experienced stoppers. When building a stove or stove, barbecue, fire safety rules must be followed.

Below are the options for ordering a brick barbecue stove:

Detailed ordering allows you to determine the exact amount of bricks needed. If you spend time designing a detailed order scheme, you can significantly save on unnecessary material costs.

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