The furnace with a fireplace from a brick for giving
The furnace for the dacha is a necessary attribute of the modern country rest, used for space heating and cooking.
A brick stove with a fireplace has a number of important features that must be considered when planning the room in which it will be placed. The first step is to take care of a solid monolithic foundation for its installation. The furnace has an impressive mass, so you should not neglect this rule and it is better to determine its location at the design stage of the house.
An important feature of a stove with a fireplace is the presence of two fire chambers and chimneys that can be used independently of each other. An open fireplace insert heats the room quickly, and the stove retains the accumulated heat. The design provides long smoke channels, which reduces fuel consumption.
In a wooden house, special attention should be paid to the location of the furnace and the materials for laying, in order to ensure the least possible risk of fire in a private house.
Brick furnaces to give are divided into types according to various parameters. First of all to destination.
- Heating. This oven is used exclusively for space heating, which makes its design the most simple.
- Heating - cooking. This type of furnace is the most bulky and multifunctional. Usually installed in homes where no other type of heating is assumed.
- Stove with fireplace. This type of oven will decorate any room, but does not heat more than one room.
By type of construction
- Russian is a classic stove that has been used by our ancestors for hundreds of years. This option is good if the country house is operated year-round. It is precisely with constant use that the maximum efficiency is achieved, and when it is stopped for several months, it requires special care and can, by virtue of its characteristics, be cracked due to temperature changes. This design is very cumbersome and may inappropriate look in a small country house.
- Dutch (Dutch) - the most common construction of a brick furnace. It does not take up much space and, thanks to the smoke channel, it manages to heat several rooms.The Dutch woman spends some fuel, but is very picky about its quality, as well as the quality of the masonry material. In severe frost, the heating time of the furnace increases, which is a disadvantage of this type of design.
- Swedish (Swedish) - the biggest advantage of this fireplace is its multi-functionality. The Swede is mounted in the wall between the kitchen and the room. On the kitchen side, the hob is placed, and the back wall with a fireplace heats the room, which significantly reduces fuel consumption. The only drawback of the Swede is the need to purchase the best material for its construction and only melt with well-dried fuel, otherwise the furnace will not give off heat.
There are also furnaces in shape. Below in the picture you can see a variety of configurations:
- Rectangular heating stove
- Russian stove
- Improved Russian stove
- Oven - baby
In addition to these types of stoves in the country you can place a long-burning stove or a barbecue.
The latter is good for cooking on the street. Due to its design and frying on the coals, dishes from it acquire a very special taste.
The appearance of a brick stove-fireplace depends not only on the functional design, but also on the interior preferences of the owner of the country house. Their design is unlimited; such furnaces can be made in any style.
The configuration of the furnace follows the style of the room in which it is installed. The English-style fireplace is more typical of classic solutions, and the D-shaped will emphasize the country style more. For the modern style, the most suitable are rectangular and semicircular variants.
Materials for finishing emphasize the individuality of the interior.
The most economical finishing option is initially smooth masonry. It looks beautiful, even if left as it is.
Another option that requires little cost is to handle the seams. You can also cover the fireplace with a special varnish that prevents contamination.
The third option is to plaster and paint the brickwork. The advantage of this decor is the ability to update the paint, the minus is the fragility of the plaster. With this option, it is better to trim the protruding elements with stone or tile.
Facing the fireplace is impossible with ordinary tiles. To do this, use a special heat-resistant material.In addition to the beauty of this tile adds a furnace heat capacity. In addition, veneer is used porcelain, which is often combined with other materials.
One of the most expensive decor options is natural stone trim. This finish fits easily into any interior.
Decorative bricks are widely used in decorating stoves and fireplaces. This material has a sufficiently large variety of shapes and sizes to make any interior original.
Wooden parts are often used for decoration, but since wood is a flammable material, it can be trimmed only in combination with other types of finishes.