Few things contribute to creating an atmosphere of comfort in a private house, like a real fireplace. With seeming simplicity, it can be quite difficult to build it with your own hands, as the fireplace is a complex heating device and there are many nuances in its installation, ranging from the installation of the foundation, the choice of the firebox, the material of the box and the choice of design and shape of the chimney.
The main thing in this case is to correctly determine the need for heating the room, and on the basis of these data, select the appropriate size of the fireplace.
So, for rooms of 20 and 40 square meters, a fireplace with a base of 150 * 90 cm is suitable, for a larger area a large fireplace is needed. It is worth remembering that a modern fireplace based on a cast-iron firebox with a convection duct is much more efficient for heating than old brick fireplaces with an open firebox.
Let's look at the main types of fireplaces available for selection:
Decorative or false fireplace is an excellent find for the interior. You can easily do it yourself and install it even in a small room. You can create such an imitation from a variety of, even “junk” materials. Lightweight, portable models that do not require much time and special skills are obtained from the boxes from the TV or refrigerator, or from sheet cardboard. More difficult options - from LDSP, gypsum cardboard, polyurethane or a brick. Flash fireplaces for kitchen are very popular lately.
A fireplace built into the wall is one of the most popular models for homes in our time. Its main advantage is that it does not occupy the usable floor space and does not need to install the foundation. In addition, this fireplace looks always very stylish. However, it must be remembered that the installation of such a fireplace has significant limitations, primarily related to the material and the thickness of the wall and the design of the chimney. Typically, such fireplaces should be provided at the design stage of the house, thus avoiding installation problems.
Installing a real fireplace in a city apartment is an almost impossible task. The fireplace in the apartment can be installed only if you live on the top floor, and you have to get permission from the HOA. Therefore, to create an atmosphere of comfort and additional heating perfect electric heater. The installation of an electrocenter is not difficult, compared to a real fireplace, it is very cheap, and modern technologies create the illusion of a flame almost indistinguishable from a real one.
A classic fireplace is usually built into the wall. and, in contrast to the modern, requires strict adherence to proportions and careful selection of the installation site. Its monumentality classic fireplace creates a certain "historical" atmosphere in the room, and expressively emphasizes the status of its owner.
For lovers of original solutions in the interior is perfect for hanging fireplace. This unusual design, for all its non-standard, retained the functions of the hearth. The main part - a light metal body - is mounted to the ceiling or less often to the wall with a pipe. There are both solid fuel hanging fireplaces and biofireplaces. The disadvantages of such a device include low heat transfer, high cost and complexity of installation.
Speaking of a large fireplace, the classic English fireplace is usually made of brick or stone. The installation of such a fireplace is better to design with the house, and build it in spacious, well-ventilated areas.
Medium fireplace - the most common and current model of the classic English brick fireplaces. Its size is relatively small - 3 * 5 bricks at the base.
Miniature cast iron fireplace perfectly fit into the interior of a small room or a small house. The device weighing up to 100 kg can be installed not only on the ground floor, but also higher, and in the attic. The corner or built-in model will not take up much space and will not look bulky in a room smaller than 20 sq. M.
For heating a large room or for two adjacent rooms a double-sided fireplace is perfect. It is a through firebox with glass on both sides. Most often it is installed in a wall between two rooms, or in a decorative partition for zoning a room, which allows you to enjoy one fireplace in two different rooms.
Rumford fireplace - This is a classic English fireplace, enhanced by Earl Rumford. Graf created a model with strict observance of the proportions of all elements, which allowed to build the most efficient and comfortable fireplace.
In a room with high ceilings it is possible to install a three-tier fireplace. Each tier carries its own functional load: the lower one serves as a convenient support for the combustion chamber, the firebox itself is placed on the second tier, and in the upper part additional heat-accumulating ceramic rings are placed. This design allows you to keep warm up to 18 hours after the extinction of the flame.
Dimplex electrofireplaces have no analogues in terms of imitation of a living flame. The maximum realistic effect is created due to the evaporation of water in the tank of the steam generator, and the steam is illuminated with halogen lamps. These fireplaces are easy to install and safe to use, for which they are very popular.
Cassette fireplace - it is a metal furnace closed by glass and inserted into the furnace. The advantages of this model are fire safety, budget, good efficiency with small sizes, short chimney.This device is the best option for a fireplace as a heating device.
BBQ fireplaces - perfect solution for a summer cottage or a country house, an open terrace or a summer kitchen. These are solid-sized buildings, equipped in addition to a firebox with a cooking surface, a brazier or a grill surface. Attract visitors to the summer cafe and will become a favorite place for a big family to relax.
The real "hero of our time" - the metal fireplace gaining the increasing popularity. The advantages of this device are the original, stylish design, relatively low weight, ease of installation even in the finished house. The only drawback of models with an open hearth is a small power (not more than 8 kW). Power centers with a closed firebox is 10-14kW, and they can heat quite large rooms.
Dimensions of the furnace
When choosing the size of the furnace must proceed from two characteristics - the size of the heated room and financial opportunities. The standard dimensions of the furnaces in the table increase with a step of 10 centimeters, and depend on the shape of the furnace, while their price also increases nonlinearly.We should not think that the largest fireplace - the best, heated space and a fireplace should be proportionate.
The size of the box should be chosen according to the size of the firebox. An important factor is whether the fireplace was provided for in the project of the house and whether there is a place for it on the floor plan. If space was provided, the choice of firebox and installation are not particularly difficult. If not, it is recommended to consult with qualified installers, who will advise you on installing and choosing a place under the fireplace, at the first stage before choosing a fireplace.
When the fireplace was not originally provided, problems often arise during installation - with the bearing capacity of the floors, the orientation of the fireplace, the withdrawal of the chimney with a complex bypass of the supporting building structures.
You should also not forget that you can not arrange stretch ceilings directly above the fireplace. When designing a fireplace and selecting a firebox, you need to remember that a fireplace is not only a firebox, but also a firebox (usually for a standard log size), a place for a scoop, and a shelf.
It is worth noting that a modern fireplace based on the firebox and convection duct takes up much less space.than a classic fireplace from an open-hearth masonry, as many structural elements, such as hilo and a tooth, are already made inside the firebox. In addition, due to the convection duct with heat holes, a modern fireplace heats the room much faster and more efficiently, as well as much easier and faster to manufacture.
Dimensions and material
The overall dimensions of the entire fireplace depend on the selected firebox, the size of the convection duct and the material of its manufacture. So, a brick box is more monumental, reliable, but takes up more space. Also, the box can be made of gas blocks, pews, or plasterboard, you should only remember that it is undesirable to make them from combustible materials, such as wood, chipboard, plywood.
It should also be remembered that the fireplace is a heating device and in its design it is necessary to adhere to state building standards and manufacturer's recommendations.
Recommended dimensions of the convection duct can be found in the instructions for the selected firebox. The most important thing is to keep the minimum dimensions so that the air inside the box does not overheat, but when it heats up evenly, it leaves through the ventilation duct grilles.It is also necessary to leave a ventilation gap above the fireplace door. Determining the size of the fireplace in each case individually, and depends on the diameter of the pipe, the number of air channels and aesthetic feasibility.